|Authors||K. Zhang, S. Leng, X. Peng, L. Pan, S. Maharjan and Y. Zhang|
|Title||Artificial Intelligence Inspired Transmission Scheduling in Cognitive Vehicular Communications and Networks|
|Project(s)||Simula Metropolitan Center for Digital Engineering, The Center for Resilient Networks and Applications|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Journal||IEEE Internet of Things Journal|
The Internet of things (IoT) platform has played a significant role in improving road transport safety and efficiency by ubiquitously connecting intelligent vehicles through wireless communications. Such an IoT paradigm however, brings in considerable strain on limited spectrum resources due to the need of continuous communication and monitoring. Cognitive radio (CR) is a potential approach to alleviate the spectrum scarcity problem through opportunistic exploitation of the underutilized spectrum. However, highly dynamic topology and time-varying spectrum states in CR-based vehicular networks introduce quite a few challenges to be addressed. Moreover, a variety of vehicular communication modes, such as vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), as well as data QoS requirements pose critical issues on efficient transmission scheduling. Based on this motivation, in this paper, we adopt a deep Q-learning approach for designing an optimal data transmission scheduling scheme in cognitive vehicular networks to minimize transmission costs while also fully utilizing various communication modes and resources. Furthermore, we investigate the characteristics of communication modes and spectrum resources chosen by vehicles in different network states, and propose an efficient learning algorithm for obtaining the optimal scheduling strategies. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed scheduling schemes.