AuthorsF. I. Michelinakis, A. S. Al-Selwi, M. Capuzzo, A. Zanella, K. Mahmood and A. Elmokashfi
TitleDissecting Energy Consumption of NB-IoT Devices Empirically
AfilliationCommunication Systems
Project(s)5G-VINNI: 5G Verticals INNovation Infrastructure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Pagination1224 - 1242
Date Published08/2020
Publisher IEEE
Keywordsenergy consumption, Internet of things, LTE, NB-IoT

3GPP has recently introduced NB-IoT, a new mobile communication standard offering a robust and energy efficient connectivity option to the rapidly expanding market of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. To unleash its full potential, end-devices are expected to work in a plug and play fashion, with zero or minimal configuration of parameters, still exhibiting excellent energy efficiency. We performed the most comprehensive set of empirical measurements with commercial IoT devices and different operators to date, quantifying the impact of several parameters to energy consumption. Our findings prove that parameters’ settings does impact energy consumption, so proper configuration is necessary. We shed light on this aspect by first illustrating how the nominal standard operational modes map into real current consumption patterns of NB-IoT devices. Further, we investigated which device-reported metadata metrics better reflected performance and implemented an algorithm to automatically identify device state in current time series logs. We worked with two major western European operators to provide a measurement-driven analysis of the energy consumption and network performance of two popular NB-IoT boards under different parameter configurations. We observed that energy consumption is mostly affected by the paging interval in Connected state, set by the base station. However, not all operators correctly implement such settings. Furthermore, under the default configuration, energy consumption in not strongly affected by packet size nor by signal quality, unless it is extremely bad. Our observations indicate that simple modifications to the default parameters’ settings can yield great energy savings.

Citation Key27603

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