AuthorsI. Psaras, G. Papastergiou, V. Tsaoussidis and N. Peccia
TitleDS-TP: Deep-Space Transport Protocol
AfilliationCommunication Systems, Communication Systems
StatusPublished
Publication TypeProceedings, refereed
Year of Publication2008
Conference NameAerospace Conference, 2008 IEEE
Pagination1-13
Date Published03/2008
PublisherIEEE
ISSN Number1095-323X
KeywordsBandwidth, deep space transport protocol, Double Automatic Retransmission, Earth, file transfers, Mars, Moon, performance evaluation, Propagation delay, propagation delays, retransmission strategy, Routing, Satellite ground stations, space communication links, Space missions, Space stations, transport protocols
Abstract

We present deep-space transport protocol (DS-TP), a new reliable protocol for deep-space communication links. DS-TP's main advantage is its ability to complete file transfers faster than conventional TCP, SCPS-TP and Saratoga. Therefore, missions with small connectivity time are greatly favored. Deep space communication links are characterized by long propagation delays, high BERs, intermittent connectivity (i.e., blackouts) and bandwidth asymmetries. Common approaches to deal with the above unique characteristics are: rate-based, open-loop protocols to deal with huge propagation delays; regular retransmissions to deal with high BERs; transmission suspension to deal with blackouts; SNACKs to deal with bandwidth asymmetries. We adopt some of the above approaches, namely, the open-loop, rate-based transmission and the SNACKs and focus on the optimization of the rest, namely, the retransmission strategy of the transport protocol to deal either with high BERs or with blackouts. More precisely, DS-TP includes the Double Automatic Retransmission (DAR) technique. DAR sends each packet twice, importing some intentional delay (Rd) between the original transmission and the retransmission. Therefore, in the presence of communication gaps (i.e., errors or blackouts), corrupted packets will eventually be replaced by the same correct packets that arrive with delay Rd. Rd, however, is much smaller than the traditional TCP-RTO value. Our theoretical performance evaluation results reveal that DS-TP presents high potential for deploy ability. In particular, we show that for PER=50%, DS-TP completes a file transfer in half time of a conventional protocol.

DOI10.1109/AERO.2008.4526328
Citation Key4526328