|Authors||E. Zanaj, G. Caso, L. De Nardis, A. Mohammadpour, Ö. Alay and M. Di Benedetto|
|Title||Energy Efficiency in Short and Wide-Area IoT Technologies: A Survey|
|Project(s)||Department of Mobile Systems and Analytics|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Keywords||energy and power consumption models, energy efficiency, Internet of things, Low-Power Short-Area Networks (LPSANs), Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWANs)|
In the last years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a key application context in the design and evolution of technologies in the transition toward a 5G ecosystem. More and more IoT technologies have entered the market and represent important enablers in the deployment of networks of interconnected devices. As network and spatial device densities grow, energy efficiency and consumption are becoming an important aspect in analyzing the performance and suitability of different technologies. In this framework, this survey presents an extensive review of IoT technologies, including both Low-Power Short-Area Networks (LPSANs) and Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWANs), from the perspective of energy efficiency and power consumption. Existing consumption models and energy efficiency mechanisms are categorized, analyzed and discussed, in order to highlight the main trends proposed in literature and standards toward achieving energy-efficient IoT networks. Current limitations and open challenges are also discussed, aiming at highlighting new possible research directions.