|Authors||E. Kure, P. Engelstad, S. Maharjan, S. Gjessing, X. Zhang and Y. Zhang|
|Title||Energy Usage Forecasting for LTE: A Network-Wide Traffic Measurements Study|
|Project(s)||TIDENET: Theoretical and Data-driven Approaches for Energy-efficient Networks|
|Publication Type||Proceedings, refereed|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Conference Name||IEEE Global Communications Conference|
|Place Published||Abu Dhabi, UEA|
Energy usage in LTE base stations are driven by spectral efficiency and traffic. To predict the energy usage these parameters must be forecasted. In this work we analyse hourly measurements collected from more than 12000 base station cells spread across more than 3700 base stations over the course of one month. We show that the two parameters are very weakly correlated, and therefore we investigated them separately. Further, we evaluated the possible gains for advanced prediction methods using a large scale search for individually fitted time series (SARIMA models) for each base station. In total, we examined and evaluated approximately 31000 time series models from an identified group of 4 million potential models. We found that the spectral efficiency measurements can be represented fairly well with time series models, with only an average 6.5\% relative error. The time series models have to be individually adapted for each base station as the unsupervised clustering showed that each cluster's members have a wide variety of best fitted models. However, for traffic the time series models have relative high prediction errors, and we believe there is a potential for new methods to improve the forecasts.