|Authors||S. Sesay, Z. Yang, J. He, J. Xiang and X. Du|
|Title||Ensuring Efficiency and Robustness in MANET|
|Publication Type||Proceedings, refereed|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Conference Name||the 2nd International Conference on Mobile Technology, Applications and Systems (Mobility 2005)|
This paper introduces a joint load balancing and hotspot mitigation protocol for Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) termed by us as "Load Energy Balance + Hotspot Mitigation protocol (LEB+HM)". We argue that although Ad-hoc Wireless Networks have limited network resources - Bandwidth and Power, prone to frequent link/node failures and have high security risk; existing ad hoc routing protocols do not put emphasis on maintaining robust link/node, efficient use of network resources and on maintaining the security of the network. Typical route selection metrics used by existing ad hoc routing protocols are shortest hop, shortest delay, and loop avoidance. These routing philosophy have the tendency to cause traffic concentration on certain regions or nodes, leading to heavy contention, congestion and resource exhaustion which in turn may result in increased end-to-end delay, packet loss and faster battery power depletion, degrading the overall performance of the network. Also in most existing on-demand ad hoc routing protocols intermediate nodes are allowed to send route reply RREP to source in response to a route request RREQ. In such situation a malicious node can send a false optimal route to the source so that data packets sent will be directed to or through it, and tamper with them as wish. It is therefore desirable to adopt routing schemes which can dynamically disperse traffic load, able to detect and remove any possible bottlenecks and provide some form of security to the network. In this paper we propose a combine Adaptive load energy balancing and hotspot mitigation scheme that aims at evenly distributing network traffic load and energy, mitigate against any possible occurrence of hotspot and provide some form of security to the network. This combine approach is expected to yield high reliability, availability and robustness, that best suits any dynamic and scalable ad hoc network environment. Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) was use as our underlying protocol for the implementation of our algorithm. Simulation comparison of our protocol to that of original DSR shows that our protocol has reduced node/link failure, even distribution of battery energy, and better network service efficiency.