AuthorsB. Singstad, N. Azulay, A. Bjurstedt, S. S. Bjørndal, M. F. Drageseth, P. Engeset, K. Eriksen, M. Y. Gidey, E. O. Granum, M. G. Greaker et al.
TitleEstimation of heart rate variability from finger photoplethysmography during rest, mild exercise and mild mental stress
AfilliationScientific Computing
Project(s)No Simula project
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
JournalJournal of Electrical Bioimpedance
Pagination89 - 102
Date PublishedJan-01-2021
Place PublishedJournal of Electrical Bioimpedance
Keywordselectrocardiography, heart rate variability, plethysmography

Due to the possibilities in miniaturization and wearability, photoplethysmography (PPG) has recently gained a large interest not only for heart rate measurement, but also for estimating heart rate variability, which is derived from ECG by convention. The agreement between PPG and ECG-based HRV has been assessed in several studies, but the feasibility of PPG-based HRV estimation is still largely unknown for many conditions. In this study, we assess the feasibility of HRV estimation based on finger PPG during rest, mild physical exercise and mild mental stress. In addition, we compare different variants of signal processing methods including selection of fiducial point and outlier correction. Based on five minutes synchronous recordings of PPG and ECG from 15 healthy participants during each of these three conditions, the PPG-based HRV estimation was assessed for the SDNN and RMSSD parameters, calculated based on two different fiducial points (foot point and maximum slope), with and without outlier correction. The results show that HRV estimation based on finger PPG is feasible during rest and mild mental stress, but can give large errors during mild physical exercise. A good estimation is very dependent on outlier correction and fiducial point selection, and SDNN seems to be a more robust parameter compared to RMSSD for PPG-based HRV estimation.

Citation Key42515