|Authors||M. Jørgensen and B. Kitchenham|
|Title||Interpretation Problems Related to the Use of Regression Models to Decide on Economy of Scale in Software Development|
|Afilliation||Software Engineering, Software Engineering|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Journal||Journal of Systems and Software|
Many research studies report an economy of scale in software development, i.e., an increase in productivity with increasing project size. Several software practitioners seem, on the other hand, to believe in a diseconomy of scale, i.e., a decrease in productivity with increasing project size. In this paper we argue that violations of essential regression model assumptions in the research studies to a large extent may explain this disagreement. Particularly illustrating is the finding that the use of the production function (Size = a\bulletEffortb), instead of the factor input model (Effort=a\bulletSizeb), would most likely have led to the opposite result, i.e., a tendency towards reporting diseconomy of scale in the research studies. We conclude that there are good reasons to warn against the use of regression analysis parameters to investigate economies of scale and to look for other analysis methods when studying economy of scale in software development contexts.