AuthorsJ. D. Feala, J. Cortes, P. M. Duxbury, C. Piermarocchi, A. D. McCulloch and G. Paternostro
TitleSystems Approaches and Algorithms for Discovery of Combinatorial Therapies
Afilliation, Scientific Computing
Project(s)Center for Biomedical Computing (SFF)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine

Effective therapy of complex diseases requires control of highly nonlinear complex networks that remain incompletely characterized. In particular, drug intervention can be seen as control of cellular network activity. Identification of control parameters presents an extreme challenge due to the combinatorial explosion of control possibilities in combination therapy and to the incomplete knowledge of the systems biology of cells. In this review paper, we describe the main current and proposed approaches to the design of combinatorial therapies, including the heuristic methods used now by clinicians and alternative approaches suggested recently by several authors. New approaches for designing combinations arising from systems biology are described. We discuss in special detail the design of algorithms that identify optimal control parameters in cellular networks based on a quantitative characterization of control landscapes, maximizing utilization of incomplete knowledge of the state and structure of intracellular networks. The use of new technology for high{-}throughput measurements is key to these new approaches to combination therapy and essential for the characterization of control landscapes and implementation of the algorithms. Combinatorial optimization in medical therapy is also compared with the combinatorial optimization of engineering and materials science and similarities and differences are delineated.

Citation KeySimula.simula.72