|Title||Team resource management decisions in software development projects|
|Project(s)||Department of IT Management|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Journal||submitted to a journal|
Purpose: This paper examines to what extent resource managers are likely to make normatively correct decisions in complex, but realistic, software development team resource management situations.
Research design: Three scenarios were designed, all of them with a software development project consisting of a higher and a lower productivity team. The resource managers were asked to decide which team to increase (or decrease) the productivity by 10% in order to minimize the total effort or the total duration of the software project. Ninety-nine software professionals, most of them with substantial resource management experience, were randomly allocated one of the scenarios.
Findings: Most of the resource managers perceived their scenario as realistic and occurring in practice. The decisions tended, however, to be different from the normatively correct ones. In particular, when the scenario structure resembled that used to document a time-saving bias, the great majority of the managers made non-normative decisions. The findings suggest that the resource managers made decisions based on simple heuristics, often leading to non-normative decisions. When asked about the decisions they would make in practice, more of the resource managers gave normatively correct responses. Our findings suggest a cost-saving potential from more awareness of how to make team resource management decisions.
Originality: The study may be the first to document non-normative team resource decisions, including those related to the time-saving bias, in the context of project management.