AuthorsC. T. Jacobs, M. D. Piggott, S. C. Kramer and S. W. Funke
EditorsM. Papadrakakis, V. Papadopoulos, G. Stefanou and V. Plevris
TitleOn the validity of tidal turbine array configurations obtained from steady-state adjoint optimisation
AfilliationScientific Computing
Project(s)Center for Biomedical Computing (SFF), OptCutCell: Simulation-based optimisation with dynamic domains
Publication TypeProceedings, refereed
Year of Publication2016
Conference NameEuropean Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2016)
Number of Volumes4
Date Published09/2016
PublisherInstitute of Structural Analysis and Antiseismic Research, National Technical University of Athens, Greence
ISBN Number978-618-82844-0-1

Extracting the optimal amount of power from an array of tidal turbines requires an intricate understanding of tidal dynamics and the effects of turbine placement on the local and regional scale flow. Numerical models have contributed significantly towards this understand- ing, and more recently, adjoint-based modelling has been employed to optimise the positioning of the turbines in an array in an automated way and improve on simple man-made configurations (e.g. structured grids of turbines) [15]. Adjoint-based optimisation of high-resolution and ideally 3D transient models is generally a very computationally expensive problem. Multiple approaches are therefore used in practice to obtain feasible runtimes: using high viscosity values to obtain a steady-state solution, or a sequence of steady-state solutions for “time-varying” setups; limiting the number of adjoint computations; or reformulating the problem to allow for coarser mesh resolution to make it feasible for resources assessment (e.g. [16], [4]). However, such compromises may affect the reliability of the modelled turbines, their wakes and interactions, and thus bring into question the validity of the computed optimal turbine positions. This work considers a suite of idealised simulations of flow past tidal turbine arrays in a two-dimensional channel. It compares four regular array configurations, detailed by Divett et al. [8], with the configuration found through adjoint optimisation in a steady-state, high- viscosity setup. The optimised configuration produces considerably more power than the other configurations (approximately 40% more than the best man-made configuration). The same configurations are then used to produce a suite of transient simulations that do not use con- stant high-viscosity, and instead use large-eddy simulation (LES) to parameterise the resulting turbulent structures. All simulations are performed using OpenTidalFarm [15]. It is shown that the ‘low background viscosity’/LES simulations produce less power than that predicted by the constant high-viscosity runs. Nevertheless, they still follow the same trends in the power curve throughout time, with optimised layouts continuing to perform significantly better than simplified configurations.

Citation Key24197

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