AuthorsS. W. Funke, M. Nordaas, Ø. Evju, M. S. Alnæs and K. Mardal
TitleVariational data assimilation for transient blood flow simulations
AfilliationScientific Computing
Project(s)Center for Biomedical Computing (SFF), OptCutCell: Simulation-based optimisation with dynamic domains
StatusPublished
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
Journal International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Volume35
Issue1
Paginatione3152
Date Published10/2018
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Keywordsadjoint equations, blood flow, Finite element method, Navier-Stokes, optimal control, variational data assimilation
Abstract

Several cardiovascular diseases are caused from localised abnormal blood flow such as in the case of stenosis or aneurysms. Prevailing theories propose that the development is caused by abnormal wall-shear stress in focused 
areas.  Computational fluid mechanics have arisen as a promising tool for a more precise and quantitative analysis, in particular because the anatomy is often readily available even by standard imaging techniques such as magnetic resolution and computed tomography angiography.  However, computational fluid mechanics rely on accurate initial and boundary conditions which is difficult to obtain.  In this paper we address the problem of recovering high resolution information from noisy, low-resolution measurements of blood flow using variational data assimilation based on a transient Navier-Stokes model. Numerical experiments are performed in both 2D and 3D and with pulsatile flow relevant for physiological flow in cerebral aneurysms. The results demonstrate that, with suitable regularisation, the model accurately reconstructs flow, even in the presence of significant noise. 

Citation Key25229

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