AuthorsX. Cai and J. Langguth
TitleAccelerated high-performance computing for computational cardiac electrophysiology
AfilliationScientific Computing
Project(s)Meeting Exascale Computing with Source-to-Source Compilers
Publication TypeTalk, keynote
Year of Publication2017
Location of TalkThe University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Massively parallel hardware accelerators, such as GPUs, are nowadays prevalent in the HPC hardware landscape. While having tremendous computing power, these accelerators also bring programming challenges. Often, a different programming standard applies for the accelerators than that for the conventional CPUs. For computing clusters that consist of both accelerators and CPUs, where the latter are hosts of the accelerators, elaborate hybrid parallel programming is needed to ensure an efficient use of the heterogeneous hardware.

This talk aims to share some experiences of implementing computational science software for heterogeneous computing platforms. We look at two scenarios: CPU+GPU [1] and CPU+Xeon Phi [2][3] heterogeneous computing. Common for both scenarios is the necessity of a proper pipelining of the involved computational and communication tasks, such that the overhead of various data movements can be reduced or completely masked. Moreover, suitable multi-threading with thread divergence is needed on the CPU host side. This is for enforcing computation-communication overlap, coordinating the accelerators, and allowing the CPU hosts to also contribute with their computing power. We have successfully applied hybrid CPU+Knights Corner co-processor computing [2][3] to two topics of computational cardiac electrophysiology, making use of the Tianhe-2 supercomputer. Results [4] about using the new Xeon Phi Knights Landing processor will also be presented.

[1]. J. Langguth, M. Sourouri, G. T. Lines, S. B. Baden, and X. Cai. Scalable heterogeneous CPU-GPU computations for unstructured tetrahedral meshes. IEEE Micro, 35(4):6–15, 2015.
[2]. J. Chai, J. Hake, N. Wu, M. Wen, X. Cai, G. T. Lines, J. Yang, H. Su, C. Zhang, and X. Liao. Towards simulation of subcellular calcium dynamics at nanometre resolution. International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, 29(1):51–63, 2015.
[3]. J. Langguth, Q. Lan, N. Gaur, and X. Cai. Accelerating detailed tissue-scale 3D cardiac simulations using heterogeneous CPU-Xeon Phi computing. International Journal of Parallel Programming, 45(5):1236–1258, 2017.
[4]. J. Langguth, C. Jarvis, and X. Cai. Porting tissue-scale cardiac simulations to the Knights Landing platform. Proceedings of ISC High Performance 2017, 376–388, 2017.


2nd International Symposium on Research and Education of Computational Science

Citation Key25802