AuthorsK. Valen-Sendstad, K. Mardal, M. Mortensen, B. A. P. Reif and H. P. Langtangen
EditorsB. H. Skallerud and H. I. Andersson
TitleOn the Complexity of Stationary Flow in Patient-Specific Aneurysms
AfilliationScientific Computing, , Scientific Computing
Project(s)Center for Biomedical Computing (SFF)
StatusPublished
Publication TypeProceedings, refereed
Year of Publication2011
Conference NameMekIT'11 Sixth national conference on Computational Mechanics
Pagination379-392
Publishertapir academic press
ISBN Number978-82-519-2798-7
Abstract

Summary Sound or bruits in the vasculatory system at the range of 1Hz-1kHz is known to occur, and frequency peaks at high frequencies are associated with sick blood vessels. The exact reason for these sounds are not known, but the sound may be generated by turbulence. Turbulence generated sound is typically associated with high frequencies but also with low energy levels. Unfortunately, most blood flow simulations are performed with space and time resolutions where rapid fluctuations typ- ically associated with non-laminar flow cannot be captured. Complex non-laminar flow and the subsequent oscillatory wall stresses can po- tentially be of importance in understanding aneurysm rupture through the local arterial wall response. To investigate the possible presence of complex non-laminar blood flow in intracranial aneurysms, we per- formed high resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations for patient specific middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with sta- tionary inflow conditions. The current study confirms, through high resolution simulations, that complex oscillatory flow may occur in in- tracranial aneurysms. CFD practitioners should therefore be aware of the potentially strong demands to space-time computational resolution in blood flow simulations.

Citation KeySimula.simula.638