AuthorsB. Bogdanski, S. Reinemo and B. D. Johnsen
TitleMulti-Homed Fat-Tree Routing With InfiniBand
AfilliationCommunication Systems, Communication Systems
Publication TypeProceedings, refereed
Year of Publication2014
Conference Name22nd Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing
Date Published02/2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISSN Number1066-6192

For clusters where the topology consists of a fat-tree or more than one fat-tree combined into one subnet, there are several properties that the routing algorithms should support, beyond what exists today. One of the missing properties is that current fat-tree routing algorithm does not guarantee that each port on a multi-homed node is routed through redundant spines, even if these ports are connected to redundant leaves. As a consequence, in case of a spine failure, there is a small window where the node is unreachable until the subnet manager has rerouted to another spine. In this paper, we discuss the need for independent routes for multi-homed nodes in fat-trees by providing real-life examples when a single point of failure leads to complete outage of a multi-port node. We present and implement the methods that may be used to alleviate this problem and perform simulations that demonstrate improvements in performance, scalability, availability and predictability of InfiniBand fat-tree topologies. We show that our methods not only increase the performance by up to 52.6%, but also, and more importantly, that there is no downtime associated with spine switch failure.

Citation KeySimula.simula.2226